The material in this unit may be used to address the following Social Studies Standards:
"Spanish Colonial Revival" is another broad architectural term. It applies to any building reflecting the influence of Spain, Mexico, or the Southwestern portion of the United States controlled by Spain during the colonial period.
The Spanish Colonial Revival style grew from the desire of California architects for a native style reflecting the state's rich Hispanic legacy. Naturally, they turned to the buildings of the state's Spanish colonial past (especially the missions) for their inspiration. Later, as the style spread, architects also used motifs found in Mexican, Spanish, and even Moorish architecture. Since it began in the western United States, some scholars view the style as a reaction to the popularity of the Colonial Revival in the east.
The crusade for a California style began in the 1890s, and by 1920 houses displaying Spanish motifs could be found throughout the nation. The style peaked in the twenties, but examples were built well into the mid-1930s.
Reasons contributing to the popularity of the Spanish Colonial Revival style included:
SPANISH COLONIAL REVIVAL SUBTYPES:
The development of the Spanish Colonial Revival style can be divided into two phases, each of which features the use of arches, stucco walls, and tile roofs. The phases include:
CHARACTERISTICS OF STYLE:
Spanish Colonial Revival buildings may reflect one of the phases mentioned above or partake of characteristics from each. Features which might be seen in a Spanish Colonial Revival style building include:
NOTE: The Mission furniture of Gustav Stickley is not related to the Spanish Colonial Revival style or its Mission phase.
Generally, Louisiana has fewer and less elaborate examples of the Spanish Colonial Revival style than do other states. Most of Louisiana's examples are within the larger cities such as New Orleans and Shreveport. Monroe also has a small collection within its residential National Register historic district. Mission versions of the style seem to dominate.
Railroad companies whose lines ran through the western portion of the state built some Mission style depots in the towns through which the lines passed. Depots in Shreveport and DeQuincy are examples of this practice.
The Mission style was also popular for filling stations, especially those built by Texaco; but today only a few survive. These feature stucco walls and tile roofs.
Residential Historic District, Ouachita Parish